Which command should you use to list all files of your current directory?

ls is a Linux shell command that lists directory contents of files and directories.

ls syntax

$ ls [options] [file|dir]

ls command options

ls command main options:

optiondescriptionls -alist all files including hidden file starting with '.'ls --colorcolored list [=always/never/auto]ls -dlist directories - with ' */'ls -Fadd one char of */=>@| to enteriesls -ilist file's inode index numberls -llist with long format - show permissionsls -lalist long format including hidden filesls -lhlist long format with readable file sizels -lslist with long format with file sizels -rlist in reverse orderls -Rlist recursively directory treels -slist file sizels -Ssort by file sizels -tsort by time & datels -Xsort by extension name

ls command examples

You can press the tab button to auto complete the file or folder names.

List directory Documents/Books with relative path:

$ ls Documents/Books

List directory /home/user/Documents/Books with absolute path.

$ ls /home/user/Documents/Books

List root directory:

$ ls /

List parent directory:

$ ls ..

List user's home directory (e.g: /home/user):

$ ls ~

List with long format:

$ ls -l

Show hidden files:

$ ls -a

List with long format and show hidden files:

$ ls -la

Sort by date/time:

$ ls -t

Sort by file size:

$ ls -S

List all subdirectories:

$ ls *

Recursive directory tree list:

$ ls -R

List only text files with wildcard:

$ ls *.txt

ls redirection to output file:

$ ls > out.txt

List directories only:

$ ls -d */

List files and directories with full path:

$ ls -d $PWD/*

ls code generator

Select ls options and press the Generate Code button:

  Long list format (-l)  List all files / hidden files (-a)  Recursively list directory tree (-R)  List in reverse order (-r)  List with full path (-d $PWD/*)Sort by:Files / folders
Files:Folders:Output redirection
Click on textbox to select code, then copy and paste it into terminal

See also

In this video we'll use the "pwd" command to see what directory we are in, and the "ls" command to list the files that are in our current directory.

The first thing we need to do is open up our terminal.

Once it's opened you'll see the last login time on the first line, while the second line shows information about my computer, what folder I'm in and who I'm logged in as. You'll see "Brians-MacBook-Air" which is my computer name, followed by a colon and then a "~" (which indicates the user home directory) and that is the directory I am currently in. Finally we'll see "ModulesUnraveled" which is my user name, and a "$" which is the prompt that indicates it is ready for me to type my command. (Some systems use a symbol other than the "$" including "%" or "#". Windows will commonly use ">".)

Seeing which directory you're currently in

There may come a time when you don't know which directory you are currenly in. The "pwd" command tells you just that. If I type it and press Enter, the result is "/Users/ModulesUnraveled". Let's go to this directory in Finder to follow along. I'll also split the screen so that the terminal is on the left and the Finder window is on the right. This will make it easier to follow along throughout the series.

Listing files and folders in the current directory

In the Finder window, we see the contents of the "/Users/ModulesUnraveled" directory. To see them in the terminal, you use the "ls" command, which is used to list files and directories. So, when I type "ls" and press "Enter" we see the same folders that we do in the Finder window.

Now, let's say we want to see the files and directories inside one of the directories listed here. I'll show you two ways to do that. One will keep us in the current working directory, while the second will actually move us into the other directory before we list the files.

Let's view the files and folders inside the "Downloads" directory, while staying in our current directory. To do this, we simply type the "ls" command, followed by the directory whose contents we want to list. In this case, the command is "ls Downloads". This time, when I press Enter, we see the contents of the Downloads folder.

Just to continue to help you visualize this, I'll open the Downloads folder in Finder.

I can even dig deeper by using the "/" and typing a folder inside the Downloads directory. For example "ls Downloads/Examples" will list the contents of the "Examples" folder that is inside the "Downloads folder"

Looking at the Finder window shows you that they are the same thing.

This is infinitely extensible, meaning that you can dig as deep as you want by utilizing the "/". For example, you could type "ls Downloads/Examples/Example1/Test" to list the files inside the "Test" folder. There aren't any currently, so there is nothing displayed in the Terminal.

Which command is used to list all the files in your current directory?

The ls command is used to list files. "ls" on its own lists all files in the current directory except for hidden files.

Which command should you use to list all files of your current directory in Linux?

The ls command is used to list files or directories in Linux and other Unix-based operating systems. Just like you navigate in your File explorer or Finder with a GUI, the ls command allows you to list all files or directories in the current directory by default, and further interact with them via the command line.

Which command should you use to change directory?

Use the cd command to move from your present directory to another directory. You must have execute (search) permission in the specified directory.

Which command is used to list all the files in your current directory as well as in subdirectories?

The ls (list) command is used to display the names of the files and subdirectories in the current directory. There are three basic types of files.